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CO-OPERATIVE BANKING SYSTEM

By: Astha  ,   19 May 2014
 



CO-OPERATIVE BANKING SYSTEM-

Cooperative banks play an important role in the Indian Financial System, especially at the village level. The growth of Cooperative Movement commenced with the passing of the Act of 1904. A cooperative bank is a cooperative society registered or deemed to have been registered under any State or Central Act. If a cooperative bank is operating in more than one State, the Central Cooperative Societies Act is applicable. In other cases the State laws are applicable. Apart from various other laws like the Banking Laws (Application to Co-operative Societies) Act, 1965 and Banking Regulation (Amendment) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 2004, the provisions of the RBI Act, 1934 and the BR Act, 1949 would also be applicable for governing the banking activities. 

These cooperative banks cater to the needs of agriculture, retail trade, small and medium industry and self-employed businessmen usually in urban, semi urban and rural areas. In case of co-operative banks, the shareholders should be members of the co-operative banks. The share linkage to borrowing is a distinctive feature of a co-operative bank. Rural cooperative sector in India plays a vital role in fulfilling the credit requirements of rural agricultural sector of India. At recent times, the rural credit flow through rural cooperative sector has risen substantially in order to keep pace with the growing demand for credit in the rural parts of India. 

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